The Crimean Tatar ornamental pattern Ornek and information about it
Sobolieva Olena Volodymyrivna can be an ethnologist and a senior researcher at the study Institute of Ukrainian Studies of this Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Her array of scholastic passions comprises culture that is traditional of Crimean Tatars, contemporary ethnocultural procedures into the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, everyday Islam, anthropology of technology and knowledge. She passed PhD defence last year. She actually is the writer of monograph “Wedding associated with Crimean Tatars: old-fashioned kinds and Transformations” (2015). She actually is the mind of NGO “Center for Applied Anthropology” and a part of this nationwide Association of Ethnographers of Ukraine.
From ancient times: the traditions regarding the decorative art associated with the Crimean Tatars
Ornek is a conventional decoration in the used arts for the Crimean Tatars. This decoration embellished different things of every day life and worship: garments, materials, precious precious jewelry, furniture, architectural things and tombstones.
A method of workshop manufacturing ended up being strange into the Crimean Khanate. There have been workshops of artisans in just about every city that is big weavers, jewelers, embroiderers, furriers, tinsmiths and stuff like that. The Crimean nobility purchased products that are high-quality. The things additionally discovered their purchasers in other countries. Along with handicraft that is professional, home crafts, such as for example embroidery and weaving, had been extensive.
Ornament in a variety of kinds of people art
The real social history of Ukraine is “Tatar Ishleme”, the original two-sided embroidery associated with the Crimean Tatars, which has a lot more than 60 various stitches. a feature that is characteristic of “Tatar Ishleme” embroidery may be the usage of pastel colors in conjunction with gold and silver threads. This decoration has acquired the geometric forms in weaving and carpet weaving. Usually, flax, cotton, silk and wool had been utilized for weaving. The linen textile, generated by the Crimean Tatars, ended up being marked by softness and tenderness. In precious precious jewelry, the old-fashioned decoration is of unique beauty.
Probably the most extensive technique had been filigree, the manufacturing of precious precious jewelry from slim silver cable.
The interlacing of oriental pattern: the key motifs of Ornek decoration
The motifs that are ornamental depicted in several handicraft products, had their stylistic features, which depended right on the manner of execution and materials utilized. The key motifs associated with pattern are divided in to two groups: geometric and floral. The ornament that is floral typical for embroidery, carving in stone and precious jewelry art. Geometric motifs prevail in weaving and carpeting weaving.
The ornament that is traditional as well as its creative and visual value, had a significant miracle and indication function. Unique information had been encoded such a decoration, which, by using unique indications symbolizing magical content, safeguarded against wicked forces.
Ornek decoration in traditional life and rites
Products, embellished with old-fashioned decoration, decorated the inner associated with the homes. They were towels (“eu-jiyar”, “yagbez”, and “sofa-peshkir”), napkins (“yemeni”), handkerchiefs, and curtains, carved wood chests (“sandyk”) and copper utensils.
The inside for the space regarding the bride ended up being richly embellished. Ahead of the wedding, your ex ended up being planning a dowry, including a huge selection of items for your home that your ex embroidered as well as her girlfriends. The room of the bride was festively decorated during the wedding. Lots of ropes were fastened underneath the roof, diverging radially through the center. All of the materials and clothing richly decorated with embroidered and woven decoration had been hung on these ropes and round the border for the wall surface,.
Products, decorated with conventional ornamentation, were crucial characteristics in many rites. Materials and components of clothes had been universal presents during all family members and general public rituals. Through the circumcision (“sunnet”) and wedding (“toi”), the champions of this wrestling that is traditional”kuresh”) or horse race (“koshu”) received embroidered vests, scarves and livestock. The bride ended up being finding your way through a bridegroom a couple of gift suggestions of nine things, established because of the tradition: a tobacco pouch, garters for socks, a towel for a rite of shaving, an “ochkur” belt, etc.
The residing traditions: the state that is modern of growth of attractive art
The occasions of deportation of 1944 caused the irreparable losings to your art that is ornamental of Crimean Tatars since the individuals were invest the conditions of success. The revival of varied people crafts ( precious precious jewelry, pottery, http://bridesinukraine.com weaving and embroidery) started into the early 1990s . In specific, in 1991 in Simferopil, the courses on old-fashioned embroidery started initially to run, on which Zuleikha Bekirova, the inheritable craftsman, passed her knowledge.
Today, such craftsmen as Elvira Osmanova, Julia Tulupova, Gulnara Negliadenko, Tamara Kliuchkina and Khatidzhe Iunusova as well as others work with the means of the Crimean-Tartar embroidery “Tatars-Ishleme” and “Mklama”. During the early 2000s, Aider Asanov, the inheritable jeweler, began their work and taught over 20 students of their art. The musician and art critic Mamut Churlu made a highly skilled share into the growth of Ornek, the traditional Crimean-Tatar decoration.
A number of seminars and exhibitions arranged by him promoted the spreading of ornamentation of Ornek in the many diverse forms of people crafts and its own creative interpretation. Ornek decoration can be used in ceramics (Rustem Skybin, Maryna Kurukchi, Mamut Churlu, Eldar Gusenov), carpeting weaving (Mamut Churlu, Iryna Teslenko), art panels (Gulnara Negliadenko, Mamut Churlu, Julia Tulupova) and painting on glass (Zera Abliazisova, Afize Iusuf-kyzy).
The peculiarities associated with usage of decoration in modern art items would be the mix of various practices and techniques without trouble of art. On 12, 2018, the Ornek ornament was included into the National List of Elements of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Ukraine february.
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Wish to know more? We give you advice to obtain your self knowledgeable about
- Akchurina-Muftieva N. used art associated with the Crimean Tatars regarding the fifteenth – the first 1 / 2 of the century that is 20th. Simferopol, 2008. 392 p.
- Chepurina P. Ia. Decorative sewing of this Crimea. M. – L., 1938. 64 p.
Some pictures had been kindly given by NGO “Alyem”.
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